I received this question:
My specific question is from Visual Latin 1, Lesson 25B number 20. In the sentence “Hic homo rex bonus est.”, why is the word for king in the nominative form “rex”? Why is it not the accusative “regem”?
Here is my reply:
The reason rex is in the nominative case is because it’s a predicate nominative. The following videos may help:
I received this email:
Hi there, I ran across your blog in my internet search for “Henle Latin diagram answers” I am a Classical Conversations Challenge A tutor and learning Latin right along with my students this year. I am struggling because the answers in Henle do not include the diagrams they ask you to do. Last year, I tutored the Essentials program in CC and learned all about sentence diagramming (and LOVED it!!). I am always eager to know if my diagrams are correct, and to understand the why if they are not. Henle leaves me hanging in this. 🙁 Do you have any guidance (or do you provide any materials) that give the answers to the sentences Henle asks you to diagram? Specifically, I am in Henle Latin First Year, Lesson 2, exercise 19, sentence 10. The genitive is tied to the compound direct object and I don’t know what it should look like. Another one that stumped me is in exercise 20, sentence 2. He gave a sword to the friend but not to the slave. I am not even sure how to diagram this in English. I get how I would do it for the compound sentence “He gave a sword to the friend, but he did not give a sword to the slave.” Something just seems off with their wording. Is it a complex sentence?
Anyways, all that to say, if you have any help for me on where to go for my seeking of answers to the diagramming of Henle exercises, I would be most grateful!!
Here is my reply:
The next video in the English diagramming series is here!
I am slowly working my way through the famous First Year Latin text by Robert Henle. This is not my favorite Latin book (Lingua Latina, by Hans Orberg is.), but, I have quite a few students working their way through Mr. Henle’s book, and I am hoping this series will help them.
Mr. Henle’s book is a grammar based approach to learning Latin. In this series, we are taking a grammar based approach to English sentences, and then translating those sentences into Latin.
In this following video, you will learn how to diagram direct objects in English.
Ablative: a certain case of Latin nouns.
The word derives from ablatus, which is from aufero, (to carry away), ultimately from ab (away) and fero (I carry).
In it’s original sense, we use the ablative case when describing actions of carrying something away, or taking something away.
However, the Ablative has many more uses. Most famously, the Ablative is used to drive students mad.
The “Ablative Absolute” is an ancient form of grammatical error much admired by modern scholars.